Qumran - Scrolls *Caves* History - Field Guide from Carta By Hanan Eshel
The Bedouin shepherds, who climbed into the Qumran cave with an oil lamp, found ten cylindrical jars, closed with clay lids. Eight jars were empty and one was filled with what seemed to be the remains of fruit. In the eighth jar three scrolls were discovered. The Bedouin removed all ten jars and the three scrolls from the cave. These scrolls were later identified as the complete Isaiah Scroll, the Community Rule and the Habakkuk Commentary. Some time later, Bedouin digging in the cave found four more scrolls: the second Isaiah Scroll, the War Scroll, the Thanksgiving Scroll, and the Genesis Apocryphon.
Despite numbering a mere 100 to 150 members, the Qumran sect has had a notable influence on Judaism and Christianity.
The mysteries of Qumran and its communal sect are laid before the reader in this exciting guide which brings biblical archaeology to life with apt descriptions and rich illustrations.
- The Discovery
- The First Seven Scrolls
- More Caves & Finds
- The Scrolls Found in Cave 4
- Khirbet Qumran: The Community Center
- Cave 11
- A Visit to Qumran
- Select Bibliography
- Picture Source
Hanan Eshel is Associate Professor and former head (2002-2004) of the Department of Land of Israel Studies and Archaeology at Bar-Ilan University, Israel. He received his Ph.D. in Jewish History from The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Among his many honors, he was awarded a Fulbright Fellowship and a Harry Starr Fellowship at Harvard University, and was visiting lecturer in Late Second Temple Judaism at Harvard Divinity School.
Dr. Eshel has directed a number of excavations in Israel, including Qumran and Ein Gedi. His publications include The Bar-Kokhba Refuge Caves (Hebrew) and The Dead Sea Scrolls and the Hasmonean State (Grand Rapids 2008), and over 200 articles.
4 3/4×8½ in. (12×21.5 cm)
Weight: 320 g (11.3 oz)
Printed in Israel